sources given in the first part of
INTRODUCTION (PART 2)
Basically, there are no non-biblical references to a historical Jesus
by any known historian of the time during and after Jesus's purported
advent. Walker says, "No literate person of his own time mentioned
him in any known writing." Eminent Hellenistic Jewish historian
and philosopher Philo (20 B.C.E.-50 C.E.), alive at the purported time
of Jesus, makes no mention of him.
do any of the some 40 other historians who wrote during the first osne
to two centuries of the Common Era. "Enough of the writings of
[these] authors...remain to form a library. Yet in this mass of Jewish
and Pagan literature, aside from two forged passages in the works of
a Jewish author, and two disputed passages in the works of Roman writers,
there is to be found no mention of Jesus Christ." Their silence
is deafening testimony against the historicizers.
In the entire works of the Jewish historian Josephus, which constitute
many volumes, there are only two paragraphs that purport to refer to
Jesus. Although much has been made of these "references,"
they have been dismissed by all scholars and even by Christian apologists
as forgeries, as have been those referring to John the Baptist and James,
"brother" of Jesus.
Warburton labeled the Josephus interpolation regarding Jesus as "a
rank forgery, and a very stupid one, too." Wheless notes that,
"The first mention ever made of this passage, and its text, are
in the Church History of that 'very dishonest writer,' Bishop Eusebius,
in the fourth century...CE [Catholic Encyclopedia] admits... the above
cited passage was not known to Origin and the earlier patristic writers."Wheless,
a lawyer, and Taylor, a minister, agree that it was Eusebius himself
who forged the passage.
the letter to Trajan supposedly written by Pliny the Younger, which
is one of the pitifully few "references" to Jesus or Christianity
held up by Christians as evidence of the existence of Jesus, there is
but one word that is applicable - "Christian" - and that has
been demonstrated to be spurious, as is also suspected of the entire
the passage in the works of the historian Tacitus, who did not live
during the purported time of Jesus but was born two decades after his
purported death, this is also considered by competent scholars as an
interpolation and forgery. Christian defenders also like to hold up
the passage in Suetonius that refers to someone named "Chrestus"
or "Chresto" as reference to their Savior; however, while
some have speculated that there was a Roman man of that name at that
time, the name "Chrestus" or "Chrestos," meaning
"useful," was frequently held by freed slaves. Others opine
that this passage is also an interpolation.
As to these references and their constant regurgitation by Christian
apologists, Dr. Alvin Boyd Kuhn says: "The average Christian minister
who has not read outside the pale of accredited Church authorities will
impart to any parishioner making the inquiry the information that no
event in history is better attested by witness than the occurrences
in the Gospel narrative of Christ's life. He will go over the usual
citation of the historians who mention Jesus and the letters claiming
to have been written about him. When the credulous questioner, putting
trust in the intelligence and good faith of his pastor, gets this answer,
he goes away assured on the point of the veracity of the Gospel story.
The pastor does not qualify his data with the information that the practice
of forgery, fictionizing and fable was rampant in the early Church.
In the simple interest of truth, then, it is important to examine the
body of alleged testimony from secular history and see what credibility
and authority it possess.
....."First, as to the historians whose works record the existence
of Jesus, the list comprises but four. They are Pliny, Tacitus, Suetonius
and Josephus. There are short paragraphs in the works of each of these,
two in Josephus. The total quantity of this material is given by Harry
Elmer Barnes in The Twilight of Christianity as some twenty-four lines.
It may total a little more, perhaps twice that amount. This meager testimony
constitutes the body or mass of the evidence of 'one of the best attested
events in history.' Even if it could be accepted as indisputably authentic
and reliable, it would be faltering support for an event that has dominated
the thought of half the world for eighteen centuries.
what is the standing of this witness? Not even Catholic scholars of
importance have dissented from a general agreement of academic investigators
that these passages, one and all, must by put down as forgeries and
interpolations by partisan Christian scribes who wished zealously to
array the authority of these historians behind the historicity of the
Gospel life of Jesus. A sum total of forty or fifty lines from secular
history supporting the existence of Jesus of Nazareth, and they completely
discredited!" Of these "references," Dujardin says, "But
even if they are authentic, and were derived from earlier sources, they
would not carry us back earlier than the period in which the gospel
legend took form, and so could attest only the legend of Jesus, and
not his historicity."
any case, these scarce and brief "references" to a man who
supposedly shook up the world can hardly be held up as proof of his
existence, and it is absurd that the purported historicity of the entire
Christian religion is founded upon them. As it is said, "Extraordinary
claims require extraordinary proof"; yet, no proof of any kind
for the historicity of Jesus has ever existed or is forthcoming.
It is evident that there was no single historical person upon whom the
Christian religion was founded, and that "Jesus Christ" is
a compilation of legends, heroes, gods and godmen. There is not adequate
room here to go into detail about each god or godman that contributed
to the formation of the Jewish Jesus character; suffice it to say that
there is plenty of documentation to show that this issue is not a question
of "faith" or "belief."
truth is that during the era this character supposedly lived there was
an extensive library at Alexandria and an incredibly nimble brotherhood
network that stretched from Europe to China, and this information network
had access to numerous manuscripts that told the same narrative portrayed
in the New Testament with different place names and ethnicity for the
actuality, the legend of Jesus nearly identically parallels the story
of Krishna, for example, even in detail, as was presented by noted mythologist
and scholar Gerald Massey over 100 years ago, as well as by Rev. Robert
Taylor 160 years ago, among others. The Krishna tale as told in the
Hindu Vedas has been dated to at least as far back as 1400 B.C.E. The
same can be said of the well-woven Horus mythos, which also is practically
identical, in detail, to the Jesus story, but which predates the Christian
version by thousands of years.
As concerns the specious claim that the analogies between the Christ
myth and those outlined below are "non-existent" because they
are not found in "primary sources," let us turn to the words
of the early Church fathers, who acknowledged that major important aspects
of the Christ character are indeed to be found in the stories of earlier,
"Pagan" gods, but who asserted that the reason for these similarities
was because the evidently prescient devil "anticipated" Christ
and planted "foreshadowing" of his "coming" in the
his first Apology, Christian father Justin Martyr (c. 100-165) acknowledged
the similarities between the older Pagan gods and religions and those
of Christianity, when he attempted to demonstrate, in the face of ridicule,
that Christianity was no more ridiculous than the earlier myths: "ANALOGIES
TO THE HISTORY OF CHRIST". And when we say also that the Word,
who is the first-birth of God, was produced without sexual union, and
that He, Jesus Christ, our Teacher, was crucified and died, and rose
again, and ascended into heaven, we propound nothing different from
what you believe regarding those whom you esteem sons of Jupiter. For
you know how many sons your esteemed writers ascribed to Jupiter: Mercury,
the interpreting word and teacher of all; Aesculapius, who, though he
was a great physician, was struck by a thunderbolt, and so ascended
to heaven; and Bacchus too, after he had been torn limb from limb; and
Hercules, when he had committed himself to the flames to escape his
toils; and the sons of Leda, and Dioscuri; and Perseus, son of Danae;
and Bellerophon, who, though sprung from mortals, rose to heaven on
the horse Pegasus. For what shall I say of Ariadne, and those who, like
her, have been declared to be set among the stars? And what of the emperors
who die among yourselves, whom you deem worthy of deification, and in
whose behalf you produce some one who swears he has seen the burning
Caesar rise to heaven from the funeral pyre?"
In his endless apologizing, Justin reiterates the similarities between
his godman and the gods of other cultures:
"As to the objection of our Jesus's being crucified, I say, that
suffering was common to all the aforementioned sons of Jove [Jupiter]
. . . As to his being born of a virgin, you have your Perseus to balance
that. As to his curing the lame, and the paralytic, and such as were
cripples from birth, this is little more than what you say of your Aesculapius."
In making these comparisons between Christianity and its predecessor
Paganism, however, Martyr sinisterly spluttered:
"It having reached the Devil's ears that the prophets had foretold
the coming of Christ, the Son of God, he set the heathen Poets to bring
forward a great many who should be called the sons of Jove. The Devil
laying his scheme in this, to get men to imagine that the true history
of Christ was of the same characters the prodigious fables related of
the sons of Jove."
In his Dialogue with Trypho the Jew, Martyr again admits the pre-existence
of the Christian tale and then uses his standard, irrational and self-serving
apology, i.e., "the devil got there first":
"Be well assured, then, Trypho, that I am established in the knowledge
of and faith in the Scriptures by those counterfeits which he who is
called the devil is said to have performed among the Greeks; just as
some were wrought by the Magi in Egypt, and others by the false prophets
in Elijah's days. For when they tell that Bacchus, son of Jupiter, was
begotten by [Jupiter's] intercourse with Semele, and that he was the
discoverer of the vine; and when they relate, that being torn in pieces,
and having died, he rose again, and ascended to heaven; and when they
introduce wine into his mysteries, do I not perceive that [the devil]
has imitated the prophecy announced by the patriarch Jacob, and recorded
by Moses? And when they tell that Hercules was strong, and traveled
over all the world, and was begotten by Jove of Alcmene, and ascended
to heaven when he died, do I not perceive that the Scripture which speaks
of Christ, "strong as a giant to run his race," has been in
like manner imitated? And when he [the devil] brings forward Aesculapius
as the raiser of the dead and healer of all diseases, may I not say
that in this matter likewise he has imitated the prophecies about Christ?
. . . And when I hear, Trypho, that Perseus was begotten of a virgin,
I understand that the deceiving serpent counterfeited also this."And
in his Octavius, Christian writer Minucius Felix (c. 250 CE) denied
that Christians worshiped a "criminal and his cross," and
retorted that the Pagans did esteem a crucified man:
Nor is It More True that a Man Fastened to a Cross on Account of His
Crimes is Worshiped by Christians, for They Believe Not Only that He
Was Innocent, But with Reason that He Was God. But, on the Other Hand,
the Heathens Invoke the Divine Powers of Kings Raised into Gods by Themselves;
They Pray to Images, and Beseech Their Genii.
"These, and such as these infamous things, we are not at liberty
even to hear; it is even disgraceful with any more words to defend ourselves
from such charges. For you pretend that those things are done by chaste
and modest persons, which we should not believe to be done at all, unless
you proved that they were true concerning yourselves. For in that you
attribute to our religion the worship of a criminal and his cross, you
wander far from the neighborhood of the truth, in thinking either that
a criminal deserved, or that an earthly being was able, to be believed
God... Crosses, moreover, we neither worship nor wish for. You, indeed,
who consecrate gods of wood, adore wooden crosses perhaps as parts of
your gods. For your very standards, as well as your banners; and flags
of your camp, what else are they but crosses gilded and adorned? Your
victorious trophies not only imitate the appearance of a simple cross,
but also that of a man affixed to it..."
The Jesus story incorporated elements from the tales of other deities
recorded in this widespread area, such as many of the following world
saviors and "sons of God," most or all of whom predate the
Christian myth, and a number of whom were crucified or executed.
Adad of Assyria
Adonis, Apollo, Heracles ("Hercules") and Zeus of Greece
Alcides of Thebes
Attis of Phrygia
Baal of Phoenicia
Bali of Afghanistan
Beddru of Japan
Buddha of India
Crite of Chaldea
Deva Tat of Siam
Hesus of the Druids
Horus, Osiris, and Serapis of Egypt, whose long-haired, bearded appearance
was adopted for the Christ character
Indra of Tibet/India
Jao of Nepal
Krishna of India
Mikado of the Sintoos
Mithra of Persia
Odin of the Scandinavians
Prometheus of Caucasus/Greece
Quetzalcoatl of Mexico
Salivahana of Bermuda
Tammuz of Syria (who was, in a typical mythmaking move, later turned
into the disciple Thomas)
Thor of the Gauls
Universal Monarch of the Sibyls
Wittoba of the Bilingonese
Xamolxis of Thrace
Zarathustra/Zoroaster of Persia
Zoar of the Bonzes
Although most people think of Buddha as being one person who lived around
500 B.C.E., the character commonly portrayed as Buddha can also be demonstrated
to be a compilation of godmen, legends and sayings of various holy men
both preceding and succeeding the period attributed to the Buddha.
Buddha character has the following in common with the Christ figure:
Buddha was born of the virgin Maya, who was considered the "Queen
He was of royal descent.
He crushed a serpent's head.
Sakyamuni Buddha had 12 disciples.
He performed miracles and wonders, healed the sick, fed 500 men from
a "small basket of cakes," and walked on water.
He abolished idolatry, was a "sower of the word," and preached
"the establishment of a kingdom of righteousness."
He taught chastity, temperance, tolerance, compassion, love, and the
equality of all.
He was transfigured on a mount.
Sakya Buddha was crucified in a sin-atonement, suffered for three days
in hell, and was resurrected.
He ascended to Nirvana or "heaven."
Buddha was considered the "Good Shepherd", the "Carpenter",
the "Infinite and Everlasting."
He was called the "Savior of the World" and the "Light
of the World."
The stories of Jesus and Horus are very similar, with Horus even contributing
the name of Jesus Christ. Horus and his once-and-future Father, Osiris,
are frequently interchangeable in the mythos ("I and my Father
are one"). The legends of Horus go back thousands of years, and
he shares the following in common with Jesus:
Horus was born of the virgin Isis-Meri on December 25th in a cave/manger,
with his birth being announced by a star in the East and attended by
three wise men.
He was a child teacher in the Temple and was baptized when he was 30
Horus was also baptized by "Anup the Baptizer," who becomes
"John the Baptist."
He had 12 disciples.
He performed miracles and raised one man, El-Azar-us, from the dead.
He walked on water.
Horus was transfigured on the Mount.
He was crucified, buried in a tomb and resurrected.
He was also the "Way, the Truth, the Light, the Messiah, God's
Anointed Son, the Son of Man, the Good Shepherd, the Lamb of God, the
He was "the Fisher," and was associated with the Lamb, Lion
and Fish ("Ichthys").
Horus's personal epithet was "Iusa," the "ever-becoming
son" of "Ptah," the "Father."
Horus was called "the KRST," or "Anointed One,"
long before the Christians duplicated the story.
fact, in the catacombs at Rome are pictures of the baby Horus being
held by the virgin mother Isis - the original "Madonna and Child"
- and the Vatican itself is built upon the papacy of Mithra49, who shares
many qualities with Jesus and who existed as a deity long before the
Jesus character was formalized. The Christian hierarchy is nearly identical
to the Mithraic version it replaced. Virtually all of the elements of
the Catholic ritual, from miter to wafer to water to altar to doxology,
are directly taken from earlier pagan mystery religions.
Mithra, Sungod of Persia
The story of Mithra precedes the Christian fable by at least 600 years.
According to Wheless, the cult of Mithra was, shortly before the Christian
era, "the most popular and widely spread 'Pagan' religion of the
times." Mithra has the following in common with the Christ character:
Mithra was born on December 25th.
He was considered a great traveling teacher and master.
He had 12 companions or disciples.
He performed miracles.
He was buried in a tomb.
After three days he rose again.
His resurrection was celebrated every year.
Mithra was called "the Good Shepherd."
He was considered "the Way, the Truth and the Light, the Redeemer,
the Savior, the Messiah."
He was identified with both the Lion and the Lamb.
His sacred day was Sunday, "the Lord's Day," hundreds of years
before the appearance of Christ.
Mithra had his principal festival on what was later to become Easter,
at which time he was resurrected.
His religion had a Eucharist or "Lord's Supper."
Krishna of India
The similarities between the Christian character and the Indian messiah
are many. Indeed, Massey finds over 100 similarities between the Hindu
and Christian saviors, and Graves, who includes the various noncanonical
gospels in his analysis, lists over 300 likenesses. It should be noted
that a common earlier English spelling of Krishna was "Christna,"
which reveals its relation to '"Christ." It should also be
noted that, like the Jewish godman, many people have believed in a historical,
Krishna was born of the Virgin Devaki ("Divine One")
His father was a carpenter.
His birth was attended by angels, wise men and shepherds, and he was
presented with gold, frankincense and myrrh.
He was persecuted by a tyrant who ordered the slaughter of thousands
He was of royal descent.
He was baptized in the River Ganges.
He worked miracles and wonders.
He raised the dead and healed lepers, the deaf and the blind.
Krishna used parables to teach the people about charity and love.
"He lived poor and he loved the poor."
He was transfigured in front of his disciples.
In some traditions he died on a tree or was crucified between two thieves.
He rose from the dead and ascended to heaven.
Krishna is called the "Shepherd God" and "Lord of lords,"
and was considered "the Redeemer, Firstborn, Sin Bearer, Liberator,
He is the second person of the Trinity, and proclaimed himself the "Resurrection"
and the "way to the Father."
He was considered the "Beginning, the Middle and the End,"
("Alpha and Omega"), as well as being omniscient, omnipresent
His disciples bestowed upon him the title "Jezeus," meaning
Krishna is to return to do battle with the "Prince of Evil,"
who will desolate the earth.
The Greek god Prometheus has been claimed to have come from Egypt, but
his drama took place in the Caucasus mountains. Prometheus shares a
number of striking similarities with the Christ character.
Prometheus descended from heaven as God incarnate as man, to save mankind.
He was crucified, suffered and rose from the dead.
He was called the Logos or Word.
centuries before the Christian era, esteemed Greek poet Aeschylus wrote
Prometheus Bound, which, according to Taylor, was presented in
the theater in Athens. Taylor claims that in the play Prometheus is
crucified "on a fatal tree" and the sky goes dark:
darkness which closed the scene on the suffering Prometheus, was easily
exhibited on the stage, by putting out the lamps; but when the tragedy
was to become history, and the fiction to be turned into fact, the lamp
of day could not be so easily disposed of. Nor can it be denied that
the miraculous darkness which the Evangelists so solemnly declare to
have attended the crucifixion of Christ, labors under precisely the
same fatality of an absolute and total want of evidence."
Tradition holds that Prometheus was crucified on a rock, yet some sources
have opined that legend also held he was crucified on a tree and that
Christians muddled the story and/or mutilated the text, as they did
with the works of so many ancient authors. In any case, the sun hiding
in darkness parallels the Christian fable of the darkness descending
when Jesus was crucified. This remarkable occurrence is not recorded
in history but is only explainable within the Mythos and as part of
a recurring play.
Creation of a Myth
The Christians went on a censorship rampage that led to the virtual
illiteracy of the ancient world and ensured that their secret would
be hidden from the masses, but the scholars of other schools/sects never
gave up their arguments against the historicizing of a very ancient
mythological creature. We have lost the arguments of these learned dissenters
because the Christians destroyed any traces of their works. Nonetheless,
the Christians preserved the contentions of their detractors through
the Christians' own refutations.
example, early Church Father Tertullian ( circa 160-220 C.E.), an "ex-Pagan"
and Bishop of Carthage, ironically admits the true origins of the Christ
story and of all other such godmen by stating in refutation of his critics,
"You say we worship the sun; so do you." Interestingly, a
previously strident believer and defender of the faith, Tertullian later
"Son" of God is the "Sun" of God
The reason why all these narratives are so similar, with a godman who
is crucified and resurrected, who does miracles and has 12 disciples,
is that these stories were based on the movements of the sun through
the heavens, an astrotheological development that can be found throughout
the planet because the sun and the 12 zodiac signs can be observed around
the globe. In other words, Jesus Christ and all the others upon whom
this character is predicated are personifications of the sun, and the
Gospel fable is merely a rehash of a mythological formula (the "Mythos,"
as mentioned above) revolving around the movements of the sun through
instance, many of the world's crucified godmen have their traditional
birthday on December 25th ("Christmas"). This is because the
ancients recognized that (from an earthcentric perspective) the sun
makes an annual descent southward until December 21st or 22nd, the winter
solstice, when it stops moving southerly for three days and then starts
to move northward again. During this time, the ancients declared that
"God's sun" had "died" for three days and was "born
again" on December 25th. The ancients realized quite abundantly
that they needed the sun to return every day and that they would be
in big trouble if the sun continued to move southward and did not stop
and reverse its direction. Thus, these many different cultures celebrated
the "sun of God's" birthday on December 25th. The following
are the characteristics of the "sun of God":
The sun "dies" for three days on December 22nd, the winter
solstice, when it stops in its movement south, to be born again or resurrected
on December 25th, when it resumes its movement north.
In some areas, the calendar originally began in the constellation of
Virgo, and the sun would therefore be "born of a Virgin."
The sun is the "Light of the World."
The sun "cometh on clouds, and every eye shall see him."
The sun rising in the morning is the "Savior of mankind."
The sun wears a corona, "crown of thorns" or halo.
The sun "walks on water."
The sun's "followers," "helpers" or "disciples"
are the 12 months and the 12 signs of the zodiac or constellations,
through which the sun must pass.
The sun at 12 noon is in the house or temple of the "Most High";
thus, "he" begins "his Father's work" at "age"
The sun enters into each sign of the zodiac at 30°; hence, the "Sun
of God" begins his ministry at "age" 30.
The sun is hung on a cross or "crucified," which represents
its passing through the equinoxes, the vernal equinox being Easter,
at which time it is then resurrected.
to popular belief, the ancients were not an ignorant and superstitious
lot who actually believed their deities to be literal characters. Indeed,
this slanderous propaganda has been part of the conspiracy to make the
ancients appear as if they were truly the dark and dumb rabble that
was in need of the "light of Jesus." The reality is that the
ancients were no less advanced in their morals and spiritual practices,
and in many cases were far more advanced, than the Christians in their
own supposed morality and ideology, which, in its very attempt at historicity,
is in actuality a degradation of the ancient Mythos. Indeed, unlike
the "superior" Christians, the true intelligentsia amongst
the ancients were well aware that their gods were astronomical and atmospheric
in nature. Socrates, Plato and Aristotle74 surely knew that Zeus, the
sky god father figure who migrated to Greece from India and/or Egypt,
was never a real person, despite the fact that the Greeks have designated
on Crete both a birth cave and a death cave of Zeus. In addition, all
over the world are to be found sites where this god or that allegedly
was born, walked, suffered, died, etc., a common and unremarkable occurrence
that is not monopolized by, and did not originate with, Christianity.
Etymology Tells the Story
Zeus, aka "Zeus Pateras," who we now automatically believe
to be a myth and not a historical figure, takes his name from the Indian
version, "Dyaus Pitar." Dyaus Pitar in turn is related to
the Egyptian "Ptah," and from both Pitar and Ptah comes the
word "pater," or "father." "Zeus" equals
"Dyaus," which became "Deos," "Deus" and
"Dios" - "God." "Zeus Pateras," like Dyaus
Pitar, means, "God the Father," a very ancient concept that
in no way originated with "Jesus" and Christianity. There
is no question of Zeus being a historical character. Dyaus Pitar becomes
"Jupiter" in Roman mythology, and likewise is not representative
of an actual, historical character. In Egyptian mythology, Ptah, the
Father, is the unseen god-force, and the sun was viewed as Ptah's visible
proxy who brings everlasting life to the earth; hence, the "son
of God" is really the "sun of God." Indeed, according
to Hotema, the very name "Christ" comes from the Hindi word
"Kris" (as in Krishna), which is a name for the sun.
since Horus was called "Iusa/Iao/Iesu" the "KRST,"
and Krishna/Christna was called "Jezeus," centuries before
any Jewish character similarly named, it would be safe to assume that
Jesus Christ is just a repeat of Horus and Krishna, among the rest.
According to Rev. Taylor, the title "Christ" in its Hebraic
form meaning "Anointed" ("Masiah") was held by all
kings of Israel, as well as being "so commonly assumed by all sorts
of impostors, conjurers, and pretenders to supernatural communications,
that the very claim to it is in the gospel itself considered as an indication
of imposture . . ." Hotema states that the name "Jesus Christ"
was not formally adopted in its present form until after the first Council
of Nicea, i.e., in 325 C.E.
actuality, even the place names and the appellations of many other characters
in the New Testament can be revealed to be Hebraicized renderings of
the Egyptian texts.
an example, in the fable of "Lazarus," the mummy raised from
the dead by Jesus, the Christian copyists did not change his name much,
"El-Azar-us" being the Egyptian mummy raised from the dead
by Horus possibly 1,000 years or more before the Jewish version. This
story is allegory for the sun reviving its old, dying self, or father,
as in "El-Osiris." It is not a true story.
principal enemy - originally Horus's other face or "dark"
aspect - was "Set" or "Sata," whence comes "Satan."
Horus struggles with Set in the exact manner that Jesus battles with
Satan, with 40 days in the wilderness, among other similarities. This
is because this myth represents the triumph of light over dark, or the
sun's return to relieve the terror of the night.
simply means "City of Peace," and the actual city in Israel
was named after the holy city of peace in the Egyptian sacred texts
that already existed at the time the city was founded. Likewise, "Bethany,"
site of the famous multiplying of the loaves, means "House of God,"
and is allegory for the "multiplication of the many out of the
One." Any town of that designation was named for the allegorical
place in the texts that existed before the town's foundation. The Egyptian
predecessor and counterpart is "Bethanu."
The Book of Revelation is Egyptian and Zoroastrian
One can find certain allegorical place names such as "Jerusalem"
and "Israel" in the Book of Revelation. Massey has stated
that Revelation, rather than having been written by any apostle called
John during the 1st Century C.E., is a very ancient text that dates
to the beginning of this era of history, i.e. possibly as early as 4,000
years ago. Massey asserts that Revelation relates the Mithraic legend
of Zarathustra/Zoroaster. Hotema says of this mysterious book, which
has baffled mankind for centuries: "It is expressed in terms of
creative phenomena; its hero is not Jesus but the Sun of the Universe,
its heroine is the Moon; and all its other characters are Planets, Stars
and Constellations; while its stage-setting comprises the Sky, the Earth,
the Rivers and the Sea." The common form of this text has been
attributed by Churchward to Horus's scribe, Aan, whose name has been
passed down to us as "John."
word Israel itself, far from being a Jewish appellation, probably comes
from the combination of three different reigning deities: Isis, the
Earth Mother Goddess revered throughout the ancient world; Ra, the Egyptian
sungod; and El, the Semitic deity passed down in form as Saturn. El
was one of the earliest names for the god of the ancient Hebrews (whence
Emmanu-El, Micha-El, Gabri-El, Samu-El, etc.), and his worship is reflected
in the fact that the Jews still consider Saturday as "God's Day."
that the Christians worship on Sunday betrays the genuine origins of
their god and godman. Their "savior" is actually the sun,
which is the "Light of the world that every eye can see."
The sun has been viewed consistently throughout history as the savior
of mankind for reasons that are obvious. Without the sun, the planet
would scarcely last one day. So important was the sun to the ancients
that they composed a "Sun Book," or "Helio Biblia,"
which became the "Holy Bible."
The "Patriarchs" and "Saints" are the Gods of Other
When one studies mythmaking, one can readily discern and delineate a
pattern that is repeated throughout history. Whenever an invading culture
takes over its predecessors, it either vilifies the preceding deities
or makes them into lesser gods, "patriarchs" or, in the case
of Christianity, "saints." This process is exemplified in
the adoption of the Hindu god Brahma as the Hebrew patriarch Abraham.
Another school of thought proposes that the patriarch Joshua was based
on Horus as "Iusa," since the cult of Horus had migrated by
this period to the Levant. In this theory, the cult of Joshua, which
was situated in exactly the area where the Christ drama allegedly took
place, then mutated into the Christian story, with Joshua becoming Jesus.
As Robertson says, "The Book of Joshua leads us to think that he
had several attributes of the Sun-god, and that, like Samson and Moses,
he was an ancient deity reduced to human status."
the legend of Moses, rather than being that of a historical Hebrew character,
is found around the ancient Middle and Far East, with the character
having different names and races, depending on the locale: "Manou"
is the Indian legislator; "Nemo the lawgiver," who brought
down the tablets from the Mountain of God, hails from Babylon; "Mises"
is found in Syria and Egypt, where also "Manes the lawgiver"
takes the stage; "Minos" is the Cretan reformer; and the Ten
Commandments are simply a repetition of the Babylonian Code of Hammurabi
and the Hindu Vedas, among others. Like Moses, Krishna was placed by
his mother in a reed boat and set adrift in a river to be discovered
by another woman. A century ago, Massey outlined, and Graham recently
reiterated, that even the Exodus itself is not a historical event. That
the historicity of the Exodus has been questioned is echoed by the lack
of any archaeological record, as is reported in Biblical Archaeology
Review ("BAR"), September/October 1994.
many biblical characters, Noah is also a myth, long ago appropriated
from the Egyptians, the Sumerians and others, as any sophisticated scholar
could demonstrate, and yet we find all sorts of books - some even presumably
"channeling" the "ultimate truth" from a mystical,
omniscient, omnipresent and eternal being such as Jesus himself - prattling
on about a genuine, historical Noah, his extraordinary adventures, and
the "Great Flood!"
the "Esther" of the Old Testament Book of Esther is a remake
of the Goddess Ishtar, Astarte, Astoreth or Isis, from whom comes "Easter"
and about whose long and ubiquitous reign little is said in "God's
infallible Word."100 Per Harwood (Mythology's Last Gods, 230),
"Esther" is best transliterated "Ishtar" and "Mordechai"
is "Mardukay." The Virgin Mother/Goddess/Queen of Heaven motif
is found around the globe, long before the Christian era, with Isis,
for instance, also being called "Mata-Meri" ("Mother
Mary"). As Walker says, "Mari" was the "basic name
of the Goddess known to the Chaldeans as Marratu, to the Jews as Marah,
to the Persians as Mariham, to the Christians as Mary . . . Semites
worshipped an androgynous combination of Goddess and God called Mari-El
(Mary-God), corresponding to the Egyptian Meri-Ra, which combined the
feminine principle of water with the masculine principle of the sun."
the Hebraic name of God, "Yahweh," was taken from the Egyptian
one of the most notorious of Christian deceptions, in order to convert
followers of "Lord Buddha," the Church canonized him as "St.
Josaphat," which represented a Christian corruption of the buddhistic
"Disciples" are the Signs of the Zodiac
Moreover, it is no accident that there are 12 patriarchs and 12 disciples,
12 being the number of the astrological signs, or months. Indeed, like
the 12 Herculean tasks and the 12 "helpers" of Horus, Jesus's
12 disciples are symbolic for the zodiacal signs and do not depict any
literal figures who played out a drama upon the earth circa 30 C.E.
The disciples can be shown to have been an earlier deity/folkloric hero/constellation.
Peter is easily revealed to be a mythological character, while Judas
has been said to represent Scorpio, "the backbiter," the time
of year when the sun's rays are weakening and the sun appears to be
dying. James, "brother of Jesus" and "brother of the
Lord," is equivalent to Amset, brother of Osiris and brother of
the Lord. Massey says "Taht-Matiu was the scribe of the gods, and
in Christian art Matthew is depicted as the scribe of the gods, with
an angel standing near him, to dictate the gospel." Even the apostle
Paul is a compilation of several characters: The Old Testament Saul,
Apollonius of Tyana and the Greek demigod Orpheus.
Jesus an Essene Master?
As regards Jesus being an Essene according to "secret" Dead
Sea Scrolls, even before the discovery of the scrolls, over the centuries
there has been much speculation to this effect, but Massey skillfully
argued that many of Jesus's presumed teachings were either in contradiction
to or were non-existent in Essene philosophy. The Essenes did not believe
in corporeal resurrection, nor did they believe in a carnalized messiah.
They did not accept the historicity of Jesus. They were not followers
of the Hebrew Bible, or its prophets, or the concept of the original
fall that must produce a savior. Massey further points out that the
Essenes were teetotalers and ate to live rather than the other way around.
Compared to this, the assumed Essene Jesus appears to be a glutton and
drunkard. Also, whereas according to Josephus the Essenes abhorred the
swearing of oaths, Jesus was fond of "swearing unto" his disciples.
While many Essenic doctrines are included in the New Testament, the
list of disparities between the Dead Sea Scroll Essenes and their alleged
great master Jesus goes on.
Qumran is Not an Essene Community
It should also be noted that there is another debate as to whether or
not Qumran, the site traditionally associated with the Dead Sea Scrolls,
was an Essene community. In BAR, previously cited, it is reported that
archaeological finds indicate Qumran was not an Essene community but
was possibly a waystation for travelers and merchants crossing the Dead
Sea. In BAR, it has also been hypothesized that the fervent tone and
warrior-stance of some of the scrolls unearthed near Qumran belie any
Essene origin and indicate a possible attribution to Jewish Zealots
instead. In Who Wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls, Norman Golb makes a very
good case that the Dead Sea Scrolls were not written by any Essene scribes
but were a collection of tomes from various libraries that were secreted
in caves throughout eastern Israel by Jews fleeing the Roman armies
during the First Revolt of 70 A.D. Golb also hypothesizes that Qumran
itself was a fortress, not a monastery. In any case, it is impossible
to equate the "Teacher of Righteousness" found in any scrolls
with Jesus Christ.
the New Testament Composed by Therapeuts?
In 1829 Rev. Taylor adeptly made the case that the entire Gospel story
was already in existence long before the beginning of the Common Era
and was probably composed by the monks at Alexandria called "Therapeuts"
in Greek and "Essenes" in Egyptian, both names meaning "healers."
This theory has stemmed in part from the statement of early church father
Eusebius, who, in a rare moment of seeming honesty, "admitted .
. . that the canonical Christian gospels and epistles were the ancient
writings of the Essenes or Therapeutae reproduced in the name of Jesus."
Taylor also opines that "the travelling Egyptian Therapeuts brought
the whole story from India to their monasteries in Egypt, where, some
time after the commencement of the Roman monarchy, it was transmuted
in Christianity." In addition, Wheless evinces that one can find
much of the fable of "Jesus Christ" in the Book of Enoch,
which predated the supposed advent of the Jewish master by hundreds
of years. According to Massey, it was the "pagan" Gnostics
- who included members of the Essene/Therapeut and Nazarene brotherhoods,
among others - who actually carried to Rome the esoteric (gnostic) texts
containing the Mythos, upon which the numerous gospels, including the
canonical four, were based. Wheless says, "Obviously, the Gospels
and other New Testament booklets, written in Greek and quoting 300 times
the Greek Septuagint, and several Greek Pagan authors, as Aratus, and
Cleanthes, were written, not by illiterate Jewish peasants, but by Greek-speaking
ex-Pagan Fathers and priests far from the Holy Land of the Jews."
Mead averred, "We thus conclude that the autographs of our four
Gospels were most probably written in Egypt, in the reign of Hadrian."
As Walker said, "Scholars' efforts to eliminate paganism from the
Gospels in order to find a historical Jesus have proved as hopeless
as searching for a core in an onion." The "gospel" story
of Jesus is not a factual portrayal of a historical "master"
who walked the earth 2,000 years ago. It is a myth built upon other
myths and godmen, who in turn were personifications of the ubiquitous
Christ of the gospels is in no sense an historical personage or a supreme
model of humanity, a hero who strove, and suffered, and failed to save
the world by his death. It is impossible to establish the existence
of an historical character even as an impostor. For such an one the
two witnesses, astronomical mythology and gnosticism, completely prove
an alibi. The Christ is a popular lay-figure that never lived, and a
lay-figure of Pagan origin; a lay-figure that was once the Ram and afterwards
the Fish; a lay-figure that in human form was the portrait and image
of a dozen different gods."
2001 Acharya S